TrueNAS and Windows clients – NTLMv2 issues

Situation – TrueNAS (or FreeNAS, or other Samba servers) serving a SMB share with NTLMv1 authentication disabled. A standalone Windows 10 system can connect to it, but a domain joined Win 10 system constantly claims wrong password.

The culprit here was a old group policy setting in the domain:

Network Security: LAN Manager authentication level

(found in Computer Configuration - Windows Settings - Security Settings - Local Policies - Security Options)

This was set to Send LM & NTLM - use NTLMv2 session security if negotiated, for backwards compatibility reasons with Win 2000 boxes and the like. This affects the registry key lmcompatibilitylevel (setting it to 1) under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa.

Unfortunately this is a bit misleading. According to this article:

Security Watch: The Most Misunderstood Windows Security Setting of All Time

This should negotiate better session security if possible, but does not actually send NTLMv2 requests or responses.

Thus trying to connect to a TrueNAS SMB share fails unless NTLMv1 Auth is explicitly enabled (in the service settings).

Ideally the group policy should be removed and the normal setting restored (NTLMv2 only). Or we can enable NTLMv1 on the share if it isn’t going to be a permanent setup.

Making nis authentication work with Ubuntu 16, Debian 8, Fedora 28 etc.

After updating anything to use systemd-235 NIS logins either don’t work at all (usually for GUI logins), or take a long time to login (console or ssh, sometimes). The culprit is a line in the systemd-logind.service:


This sandboxes the service and doesn’t allow it to talk to the network. Unfortunately this affects nis lookups done via the glibc NSS API. See the links at

The quick solution is to turn off the sandboxing, either by commenting out or changing the line in systemd-logind.service, or creating a drop-in snippet that overrides it. This can be done by creating a file /etc/systemd/system/systemd-logind.service.d/IPAddress_clear.conf with the contents:


The file can be called anything you like (.conf).

Then restart things:

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart systemd-logind.service

You can check that the drop-in is being loaded with

systemctl status systemd-logind.service

In the output you should see something like:

   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/systemd-logind.service; static; vendor preset: enabled)
  Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/systemd-logind.service.d

The other test is to see if NIS logins work correctly, of course…

The slightly slower solution is to use nscd to cache the lookup requests, and apparently does so in a way that plays nicely with the sandboxing. The much slower solution is to switch to using sssd or similar and ditch NIS once and for all…

Note – this may also affect systemd-udevd.

Notes on getting Ubuntu 16.04 to work with NIS

Note – this only sets up the system to use user and group logons, not automounting home directories. I haven’t figured out how to make this work in Ubuntu 16.

Install package nis

Probably a good idea to set network address statically in /etc/network/interfaces (NetworkManager should recognise this and then leave it alone)

Probably also a good idea to check that /etc/hosts has the domain name for the system, i.e. machinename

Add yp server to /etc/yp.conf

Edit /etc/nsswitch.conf to add nis for passwd, group and shadow. Note that compat should include nis by default.

Add a dependency to make the rpcbind service start at boot

systemctl add-wants rpcbind.service

(See this Debian bug report or this Ubuntu one)

Note that this is not a complete fix – it is reported that if the network does not come up fast enough things still break.

For users that need to log on to the system, create home directories

mkhomedir_helper <username>

Remember to reboot to check everything is working:


if that fails check if the bind services are running

systemctl status rpcbind
systemctl status ypbind

WordPress login time with the wpDirAuth plugin

The WordPress wpDirAuth plugin currently has a hard coded session time of 1 hour for directory authenticated (LDAP etc.) users. Hopefully at some point in the future this will become configurable. Discussion here.

On a related note, inserting

define( 'AUTOSAVE_INTERVAL', 60 ); // Seconds

in wp-config.php changes the autosave interval (default is 60 seconds).

Edit: Fixed in V1.9.3 thanks to patch submitted by Sean Leavey – time is now configurable.